क्रियावाचक नाम व त्याचे उपयोग

Category: English (ईंग्रजी) Published on 30 January 2016
Written by Shital Burkule Hits: 2099

क्रियावाचक नाम व त्याचे उपयोग

  • खालील वाक्य वाचा -

  • Reading is his favourite pastime.

  • इथे read क्रियेला ing लावून Reading शब्द बनला आहे.

  • या ठिकाणी याचा उपयोग क्रियेच्या कर्त्याप्रमाणे झाला असल्यामुळे तो नामाचे कार्य करतो. म्हणून हे क्रियावाचक नाम (GERUND) आहे. त्याची आणखी उदाहरणे पाहू या -

  1. Playing cards is not allowed here.
  2. I like reading poetry.
  3. He is fond of hoarding money.

  • पहिल्या वाक्यात क्रियावाचक नाम क्रियेचा कर्ता आहे, पण त्याचसोबत कर्मसुद्धा आहे. म्हणून क्रियेचे कामही करतो.

  • दुसर्‍या वाक्यातही नामाप्रमाणेच क्रियावाचक नाम क्रियेचे कर्म आहे.

  • तिसर्‍या वाक्यात नामाप्रमाणे क्रियावाचक नाम अव्ययासोबत आहे पण तरीही क्रियेप्रमाणे याचेही कर्म आहे.

  • असे दिसते की, क्रियार्थक नाम (Infinitive) आणि क्रियावाचक नाम (Gerund) दोन्ही नामाप्रमाणे वापरल्यास सारखेच असते.

  • परिभाषा - क्रियावाचक नाम (Gerund) क्रियेचे असे रूप आहे. ज्याच्या शेवटी-ing असते. जे नाम आणि क्रिया असे दोन्हीचे काम करते.

  • क्रियावाचक नाम आणि क्रियार्थक नाम दोन्ही नाम आणि क्रियेचे काम करतात. म्हणून दोघांचा प्रयोग सारखाच होतो.

जसे -

  1. Teach me to swim.        
  2. To see is to believe.
  3. Teach me swimming.     
  4. Seeing is believing
  5. To give is better than to receive.
  6. Giving is better than receiving.

  • खालील वाक्य संयुक्त क्रियावाचक नामाची (Compound Gerund)

उदाहरणे -

  1. I heard of his having gained a prize.
  2. We were fatigued o account of having walked so far.
  3. They were charged with having sheltered anarchists.
  4. He is desirous of being praised.

  • असे दिसते की, have आणि be च्या रुपानंतर भूतकालिक धातुसाधिते (Past Participle) वापरुन बनविले जाते.

  • सकर्मक क्रियेच्या क्रियावाचक नामाची खालील रुपे आहेत.

Active                             Passive

Present: loving             Present: being loved

Perfect: having loved     Perfect: having been loved

 

  • क्रियावाचक नाम आणि वर्तमानकाळ वाचक धातुसाधिते दोघांच्या शेवटी ing येते. म्हणून लक्षपूर्वक दोघांमधील भेद लक्षात घ्यावयास हवा.

    क्रियावाचक नाम (Gerund) नाम आणि क्रिया दोघांचे काम करते. हे Verbal Noun आहे.

  • वर्तमानकाळ वाचक धातुसाधिते (Persent Participle) विशेषण आणि क्रियेचे कार्य करते. हे Verble Adjective आहे.

  1. He is fond of playing cricket.
  2. The old man was tired of walking.
  3. We were prevented from seeing the prisoner.
  4. Seeing, he believed.

धातुसाधित उदाहरणे -

  1. Playing cricket, he gained health.
  2. Walking along the road, he noticed a dead cobra.
  3. Seeing, he believed.

  • खालील वाक्य वाचा -

  • The indiscriminate reading of novels is injurious.

  • इथे Reading चा उपयोग साधारण नामाप्रमाणे झाला आहे.

  • यात आधी the चा आणि नंतर of चा प्रयोग केलेला आहे.

  • साधारण नामाप्रमाणे प्रयुक्त क्रियावाचक नामाची आणखी उदाहरणे -

  1. The making of the plan is in hand.
  2. The time of the singing of the birds has come.
  3. Adam consented to the eating of the fruit.
  4. The middle station of life seems to be the most advantageously situated for the gaining of wisdom.

  • खालील प्रकाराच्या संयुक्त नामात -
  1. walking-stick    
  2. frying-pan    
  3. hunting-wnip,
  4. fencing-stick,    
  5. writing-table.

  • walking, frying, hunting, fencing, writing क्रियावाचक नाम (Gerunds) आहेत.

  • याचा अर्थ आहे 'a stick of walking', 'a pan for frying', 'a whip for hunting', 'a stick for fencing', आणि 'a table for writing.'

  • खालील दोन वाक्यांची तुलना करा -

  1. I hope you will excuse my leaving early.
  2. I hope you will excuse me leaving early.

  • पहिल्या वाक्यात क्रियावाचक नामा आधीचा शब्द संबंधसूचक आहे. आणि दुसर्‍या वाक्यात कर्मकारक आहे. दोन्ही वाक्ये शुद्ध आहेत.

  • दोन्ही प्रकारे प्रयोग करू शकतो. संबंधसूचक जास्त औपचारिक आहे. रोजच्या वापरात त्याचा कमी उपयोग होतो.

  • पुढे दुसरी काही उदाहरणे दिलेली आहेत.

  1. We rejoiced at his/him being promoted.
  2. I insist on you-/youbeing present.
  3. Do you mind my/me sitting here?
  4. All depends of Karim's/Karim passing the exam.
  5. I disliked the manager's/mavager asking me personal questions.
  6. The accident was due to the engine-driver's/engine-driver disregarding the singnals.

क्रियावाचक नामाचा उपयोग (USE OF THE GERUND) :

  • Verb-noun असल्यामुळे याचा उपयोग खालीलप्रमाणे होऊ शकतो.

1. क्रियेचा कर्ता;

उदा.

  1. Seeing is believing.
  2. Hunting deer is not allowed in this country.

2. सकर्मक क्रियेचे कर्म,

उदा.

  1. Stop playing.
  2. Children love making mud castles.
  3. I like reading poetry.
  4. He contemplated marrying his cousin.  

3. संबंध सुचकाचे (Preposition) कर्म,

उदा.

  1. I am tired of waiting.
  2. He is fond of swimming.
  3. He ws punished for telling a lie.
  4. We were prevented from seeing the prisoner.
  5. I have an aversion to fishing.

4. क्रियेचे पूरक (Complement),

उदा.

  1. Seeing is believing.
  2. What I most detest is smoking.

5. निरपेक्ष (absolutely),

उदा.  

  1. Plyaing cards being his aversion, we did not play bridge.

All Latest Jobs

Amaravati Convergence of Agricultural Interventions in Maharashtra Bharti 2017 For 12 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Center for Marine Living Resources and Ecology Bharti 2017 For 45 Posts (Last Date : 26 July 2017)

Indian Coast Guard Bharti 2017 For 45 Posts (Last Date : 2 July 2017)

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India Bharti 2017 For 13 Posts (Last Date : 24 July 2017)

Akola Health Department Jilha Parishad Bharti 2017 For 17 Posts (Last Date : 3 July 2017)

Catholic Syrian Bank Bharti 2017 For 154 Posts (Last Date : 26 July 2017)

Jalgaon Jilha Gramin Vikas Yantrana Bharti 2017 For 15 Posts (Last Date : 6 July 2017)

Solapur University Bharti 2017 For 36 Posts (Interview Date : 5,6 July 2017)

Mumbai Bhabha Atomic Research Center Bharti 2017 For 7 Posts (Last Date : 17 July 2017)

Haryana Health Department Bharti 2017 For 662 Posts (Last Date : 17 July 2017)

Odisha Postal Circle Bharti 2017 For 144 Posts (Last Date : 22 July 2017)

Yavatmal Jilha Parishad Bharti 2017 For 13 Posts (Last Date : 10 July 2017)

Mumbai Kamgar Ayukta Bharti 2017 For 7 Posts (Last Date : 7 July 2017)

Southern Railway Bharti 2017 For 658 Posts (Last Date : 15 July 2017)

Kolhapur Shri Swami Vivekanand Shikshan Sanstha Bharti 2017 For 166 Posts (Interview Date : 27, 28, 29 and 30 June 2017)

Mumbai Abhyudaya Co-Op. Bank Bharti 2017 For 12 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Mumbai Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan (SPIT) Bharti 2017 For 23 Posts (Last Date : 7 July 2017)

Jalgaon Jilha General Hospital Bharti 2017 For 10 Posts (Last Date : 5 July 2017)

Nandurbar Jilha Parishad Bharti 2017 For 29 Posts (Last Date : 1 July 2017)

Gondia Jilha Parishad Bharti 2017 For 2 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University Bharti 2017 For 35 Posts (Last Date : 5 July 2017)

Pune Film and Television Institute of India Bharti 2017 For 10 Posts (Interview Date : 4 July 2017)

Airports Authority of India Bharti 2017 For 105 Posts (Last Date : 19 July 2017)

Akola Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth Bharti 2017 (Last Date : 25 July 2017)

Delhi Sasthastra Seema Bal Bharti 2017 For 355 Posts (Last Date : 19 July 2017)

Bombay High Court Bharti 2017 For 108 Posts (Last Date : 4 July 2017)

Indian Audit and Accounts Department Bharti 2017 For 170 Posts (Last Date : 20 July 2017)

New Delhi High Court Bharti 2017 For 192 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Mumbai Water And Sanitation Support Organization Bharti 2017 For 6 Posts (Last Date : 23 June 2017)

Maharashtra State Electricity Transmission Company LimitedBharti 2017 For 26 Posts (Last Date : 6 July 2017)

Mumbai State Project Implementation Unit Bharti 2017 For 1 Post (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Mumbai NABARD Bharti 2017 For 117 Posts (Last Date : 7 July 2017)

Mumbai Securities and Exchange Board of India Bharti 2017 For 2 Posts (Last Date : 7 July 2017)

Pune Ordnance Depot Khadki Bharti 2017 For 18 Posts (Last Date : 7 July 2017)

Pune Ministry of Defence Group C Bharti 2017 For 22 Posts (Last Date : 7 July 2017)

Pune Mahangarpalika Shikshan Bharti 2017 For 175 Posts (Last Date : 22 June 2017)

Pune Centre for Development of Advanced Computing Bharti 2017 For 13 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Mumbai Indian Coast Guard Region (West) Bharti 2017 For 15 Posts (Last Date : 15 July 2017)

Damanjodi National Aluminium Company Limited Bharti 2017 For 330 Posts (Last Date : 1 July 2017)

Mumbai Planning Department Bharti 2017 For 50 Posts (Last Date : 22 June 2017)

Mumbai ICMR-NIRRH Bharti 2017 For 3 Posts (Interview Date : 23, 28,30 June 2017)

Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation Bharti 2017 For 51 Posts (Last Date : 21 June 2017)

Maharashtra Water Conservation Department Bharti 2017 For 12 Posts (Last Date : 27 June 2017)

Air India Engineering Services Limited Bharti 2017 For 94 Posts (Interview Date : 28, 29, 30 June 2017)

Chattisgarh National Rural Health Mission Bharti 2017 For 84 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Maharashtra State Police Force Bharti 2017 For 322 Posts (Last Date : 4 July 2017)

Allahabad High Court Bharti 2017 For 1955 Posts (Last Date : 3 July 2017)

Moga District And Sessions Judge Bharti 2017 For 5 Posts (Last Date : 20 June 2017)

Delhi Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax Bharti 2017 For 58 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Parliament of India Bharti 2017 For 28 Posts (Last Date : 10 July 2017)

Pune Command Hospital Bharti 2017 For 42 Posts (Last Date : 8 July 2017)

Hyderabad Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited Bharti 2017 For 15 Posts (Last Date : 24 June 2017)

National Health Systems Resource Centre Bharti 2017 For 8 Posts (Last Date : 1 July 2017)

Bank Of Maharashtra Bharti 2017 For 450 Posts (Last Date : 24 June 2017)

Dhule Art Commerce BCA Women College Bharti 2017 For 35 Posts (Last Date : 24 June 2017)

The Ahmednagar District Central Co–Operative Bank Limited Bharti 2017 For 459 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Pune Defence Research And Development Origination Bharti 2017 For 4 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board Bharti 2017 For 14088 Posts (Last Date : 7 July 2017)

Pune National Centre for Cell Science Bharti 2017 For 2 Posts (Last Date : 10 July 2017)

Union Public Service Commission Bharti 2017 For 390 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Madhya Pradesh High Court Bharti 2017 For 2910 Posts (Last Date : 5 July 2017)

Medical Officer Selection Board Bharti 2017 For 661 Posts (Last Date : 6 July 2017)

Mumbai Bharat Petroleum Bharti 2017 For 32 Posts (Last Date : 26 June 2017)

Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited Bharti 2017 For 13 Posts (Last Date : 21 June 2017)

Shirdi Shri Saibaba Sansthan Trust Bharti 2017 For 515 Posts (Interview Date : 20-21st June 2017)

Visakhapatnam Eastern Naval Command Naval Base Bharti 2017 For 205 Posts (Last Date : 25 July 2017)

Aurangabad Indo German Tool Room Bharti 2017 For 19 Posts (Last Date : 26 June 2017)

Ministry of Defence Artillery Records Bharti 2017 For 15 Posts (Last Date : 21 June 2017)

Nagpur Customs Central Excise And Service Tax Bharti 2017 For 2 Posts (Last Date : 23 June 2017)

Haryana Staff Selection Commission Bharti 2017 For 5532 Posts (Last Date : 11 July 2017)

Nagpur Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited Bharti 2017 For 15 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

National Highway Authority of India Bharti 2017 For 40 Posts (Last Date : 31 July 2017)

Pune Defence Institute of Advanced Technology Bharti 2017 For 5 Posts (Last Date : 20 June 2017)

Mumbai Commissioner of Police Bharti 2017 For 49 Posts (Last Date : 20 June 2017)

Mumbai SNDT Women’s University Bharti 2017 For 12 Posts (Last Date : 23 June 2017)

Parbhani Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Agricultural University Bharti 2017 For 16 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Mumbai Shipping Corporation of India Limited Bharti 2017 For 50 Posts (Last Date : 25 June 2017)

Vigyan Prasar Bharti 2017 For 6 Posts (Last Date : 30 June 2017)

Bhubaneswar All India Institute of Medical Science Bharti 2017 For 1212 Posts (Last Date : 28 June 2017)

माहिती मिळवा ईमेल वर

Study Material आणि नवीन नौकर्‍यांची माहिती मिळविण्यासाठी खालील माहिती भरा.

Login Box

Or sign in with your account on:

Not a member yet? Register

Like Our Facebook Page

Latest Users

  • Sruthishilpalic
  • 318740411914289@facebook
  • 536466773190647@facebook
  • Shubham Naglot
  • 1294633873967733@facebook