महाराष्ट्राची प्राकृतिक रचना (Maharashtra's Natural Structure) Geography

Category: Geography (भूगोल) Published on 21 November 2014
Written by Dhanshri Patil Hits: 34799

 महाराष्ट्राची प्राकृतिक रचना :

महाराष्ट्राच्या प्राकृतिक रचनेचे तीन विभाग
1. कोकण किनारपट्टी
2. सह्याद्रि पर्वत / पश्चिम घाट
3. महाराष्ट्र पठार / दख्खन पठारी

1. कोकण किनारपट्टी :

  • स्थान: महराष्ट्र अरबी समुद्र व सह्याद्रि पर्वत यांच्या दरम्यान दक्षिणोत्तर लांब पट्टयास 'कोकण' म्हणतात.

  • विस्तार: उत्तरेस - दमानगंगा  नदीपासून दक्षिणेस - तेरेखोल खाडीपर्यंत. कोकण किनारपट्टी 'रिया' प्रकारची आहे.

  • लांबी:  दक्षिणोत्तर = 720 किमी,  रुंदी = सरासरी 30 ते 60 किमी. उत्तर भागात ही रुंदी 90 ते 95 किमी. तर दक्षिण भागात ही रुंदी 40 ते 45 किमी.  

  • क्षेत्रफळ: 30,394 चौ.किमी.

 

2. सह्याद्रि पर्वत / पश्चिम घाट :

  • स्थान: दख्खनच्या पठाराचा पश्चिमेकडील न खचलेला भाग म्हणजेच सह्याद्रि होय.

  • यामुळे सह्याद्रि पश्चिमेकडून अत्यंत उंच व सरल भिंतीसारखा दिसतो.

  • पठाराकडून मात्र अत्यंत मंद उताराचा दिसतो.सह्याद्रि पर्वत हा प्राचीन असून या पर्वताची बर्‍याच ठिकाणी झीज झाल्याने कमी - अधिक उंचीची ठिकाणे तयार झाली आहेत. उदा. शिखरे, घाट, डोंगर, उंचीवरील सपाट प्रदेश इ.

 

महाराष्ट्र पठार / दख्खन पठार / देश :

  • स्थान: महाराष्ट्र राज्यांपैकी एकूण क्षेत्रफळापैकी 90% क्षेत्र महाराष्ट्र पठाराणे व्यापले आहे.

  • लांबी-रुंदी:  पूर्व- पश्चिम - 750km. उत्तर- दक्षिण - 700km.

  • ऊंची:  450 मीटर- या पठाराची ऊंची पश्चिमेस (600 मी) जास्तपूर्वेस (300 मी) कमी आहे.

  • महाराष्ट्र पठार डोंगर रांगा व नद्या खोर्‍यांनी व्यापले आहे.

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