भविष्यकाळ व त्याचे उपयोग

Category: English (ईंग्रजी) Published on 16 January 2016
Written by Shital Burkule Hits: 2611

भविष्यकाळ व त्याचे उपयोग

साधा भविष्यकाळ (Simple Future Tense) :

  • इंग्रजीत भविष्यकाळाविषयी बोलण्याचे अनेक प्रकार आहेत. साधा भविष्यकाळ, going to चे रूप, साधा वर्तमानकाळ इत्यादी.

  • ज्या गोष्टी आपण नियंत्रित करू शकत नाही अशा गोष्टींविषयी बोलताना साधा भविष्यकाळ वापरतात. हा (भविष्यकाळ) भविष्यातील सत्य व्यक्त करतो.

उदा.

  1. I shall be twenty next Saturday.
  2. It will be Diwali in a week.
  3. We will know our exam results in May.

  • भविष्यकाळात जे घडेल असे आपल्याला वाटते किंवा असा विश्वास असतो अशाविषयी बोलताना आपण हा काळ उपयोगात आणतो.
  1. I think Pakistan will win the match.
  2. I'm sure Helen will get a first class.

  • वरील वाक्याप्रमाणे आपण बरेचदा हा काळ I think आणि I'm sure बरोबर वापरतो. आपण I expect ...... I believe ......., Probably ........, असेदेखील म्हणतो.

  • बोलत असताना आपण जेव्हा काही ठरवितो तेव्हा आपण या काळाचा उपयोग करू शकतो.
  1. It is raining. I will take an umbrella.
  2. "Mr. Sinha is very busy at the moment." - "All right. I'll wait."

Going to

  • आपण जेव्हा काहीतरी करावयाचे ठरविलेले असते तेव्हा त्याबद्दल बोलण्याआधी आपण going to (be going to + base at the verb) हे रुप वापरतो.
  1. "Have you decided what to do?"-"Yes. I am going to resign the job."
  2. "Why do you want to sell your motorbike?"-"I'm going to buy a car.

  • जेव्हा वर्तमानकाळात असे काहीतरी असते जे आपल्याला भविष्याविषयी सांगते व ते आपल्याला निश्चितपणाचे किंवा संभाव्य आहे असे वाटते अशा गोष्टी सांगतानादेखील आपण going to चा उपयोग करतो.

  1. It is going to rain; look at those clouds.
  2. The boat is full of water. It is going to sink.
  3. She is going to have a baby.

  • घडण्याच्या मार्गावर/घडण्याच्या अवस्थेत असलेली क्रिया व्यक्त करण्यासाठी going to हे रूप उपयोगात येते.
  1. Let's get into the train. It's going to leave.
  2. Look ! The cracker is going to explode.

Be about to

  • नजीकच्या/लगेचच्या भविष्यकाळासाठी Be about to + base form (क्रियापदाचे मूल रूप) सुद्धा वापरू शकतो.
  1. Let's get into the train. It's about a leave.
  2. Don't go out now. We are about to have lunch.

सामान्य वर्तमानकाळ (Simple Present Tense) :

  • कार्यालयीन कार्यक्रम किंवा वेळापत्रकासाठी वर्तमानकाळ वापरतात.

उदा.

  1. The college opens on 23rd June.
  2. The film starts at 6.30 and finishes at 9.00
  3. When does the next train leave for Chennai?

  • भविष्यकाळासाठी उपवाक्यांमध्ये if, unless, when, while, as (=while), before, after, until, by the time आणि as soon as बरोबर बर्‍याचदा साधा वर्तमानकाळ वापरतात येथे साधा भविष्यकाळ वापरत नाहीत.

  1. I won't go out if it rains. (not : will rain)
  2. Can I have some milk before I go to bed?
  3. Let's wait till he finishes his work.
  4. Please ring me up as soon as he comes.

चालू वर्तमानकाळ (Present Continuous Tense) :

  • भविष्यात करावयाच्या गोष्टी, ज्या ठरविलेल्या किंवा नियोजित केलेल्या आहेत, अशाविषयी बोलताना आपण चालू वर्तमानकाळ वापरतो.

  1. I am going to Shimla tomorrow.
  2. We are eating out tonight.
  3. Mr. Abdul Rehman is arriving this evening.

  • वैयक्तिक व्यवस्थेसाठी चालू वर्तमानकाळ (साधा वर्तमानकाळ नव्हे) वापरावा.

चालू भविष्यकाळ (Future Continuous Tense) :

  • भविष्यकाळात ज्या क्रिया चालू असतील (घडत असतील) त्यांविषयी बोलताना आपण चालू भविष्यकाळ वापरतो.

जसे -

  1. I suppose it will raining when we start.
  2. This time tomorrow I will be sitting on the beach in Singapore.
  3. "Can I see you at 5 o'clock?"-"Please don't come then. I will be watching the tennis match on TV."

  • भविष्यकाळातील अशा क्रिया ज्या आधीच ठरविलेल्या किंवा नियोजलेल्या आहेत किंवा दरम्यानच्या काळात घडणे अपेक्षित आहे, त्याविषयी बोलताना आपण हा काळ वापरतो.

उदा.

  1. I will be staying here till Sunday.
  2. He will be meeting us next week.
  3. The postman will be coming soon.

Be to

  • कार्यातील पूर्वयोजना/व्यवस्था/तजवीज यांविषयी बोलण्यासाठी आपण be to + क्रियापदाचे मूळ रूप वापरतो.

  1. The Prime Minister is to visit America next month.
  2. The conference is to discuss 'Nuclear Tests.'

  • बर्‍याचदा बातमीपत्रात, Be to औपचारिक पद्धतीत वापरतात; (बातम्यांच्या) मथळ्यांमध्ये बहुतांशी 'be' वगळलेले असते.

उदा. Prime Minister to Visit America'

पूर्ण भविष्यकाळ (Future Tense) :

  • भविष्यातील काही विशिष्ट/विविक्षित समयी ज्या क्रिया पूर्ण होणार आहेत त्याविषयी बोलताना पूर्ण भविष्यकाळ वापरतात.

जसे -

  1. I shall have written my exercise by then.
  2. He will have left before you go to see him.
  3. By the end of this month I will have worked here for five years.

चालू पूर्ण भविष्यकाळ (Future Perfect Continuous Tense) :

  • अशी क्रिया जी काही कालावधीसाठी चालू असेल आणि भविष्यात संपणार/पूर्ण होणार असेल त्या क्रियेसाठी चालू पूर्ण भूतकाळ वापरतात.
  1. By next March we shall have been living here for four years.
  2. I'll have been teaching for twenty years next July.

  • हा काळ जास्त प्रचलित नाही.
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