पाचवी पंचवार्षिक योजना (Fifth Panchwarshik Scheme) Economics For MPSC Exams

Category: Economics (अर्थशास्त्र) Published on 28 December 2014
Written by Dhanshri Patil Hits: 5096

कालावधी : 1 एप्रिल 1974 ते 31 मार्च 1979

मुख्यभर : गरीबी हटाओ / दारिद्र्य निर्मूलन व स्वावलंबन

प्रतिमान : अॅलन मानअशोक रुद्र

योजना खर्च : प्रास्ताविक खर्च - 37,250 कोटी रुवास्तविक खर्च - 39,426 कोटी रु.

अपेक्षित वृद्धी दर - 4.4%

प्रत्यक्ष वृद्धी दर - 5%

Must Read (नक्की वाचा):
चौथी पंचवार्षिक योजना

उद्दिष्टे :

1. आर्थिक वाढ - लक्ष्य - 4.4%

2. दारिद्र्य निर्मूलन

3. उत्पादक रोजगारात वाढ

प्राधान्य :

1. शेती

2. उद्योग

3. इंधन / ऊर्जा

कार्यक्रम :

TRYSEM - ग्रामीण भागातील तरुणांच्या स्वयंरोजगारासाठी प्रशिक्षण कार्यक्रम.

किमान गरजा कार्यक्रम -

1. दरिद्री रेषेतील कुटुंबांना मोफत व अनुदानित सेवा.

2. ग्रामीण व शहरी कामगारांची उत्पादक कार्यकक्षमता वाढविणे.

विशेष घटनाक्रम :

1. 2 ऑक्टोबर 1975 रोजी पहिल्या 5 प्रादेशिक ग्रामीण बँका स्थापन करण्यात आल्या.

2. 1976-77 मध्ये दुसर्‍यांदा भारताचा व्यापारतोल अनुकूल ठरला.

3. 1976 मध्ये भारताचे पहिले राष्ट्रीय लोकसंख्या धोरण जाहीर करण्यात आले.

4. 1975-76 मध्ये बाल कल्याणासाठी एकात्मिक बाल विकास योजना (ICDS) सुरू करण्यात आली.

5. 1977-78 मध्ये वाळवंटी क्षेत्रामध्येपरिस्थिकीय संतुलन प्रस्थापित करण्यासाठी वाळवंट विकास कार्यक्रम (DDP)सुरू करण्यात आला.

मूल्यमापण :

1. अशुभ सुरवात -1973 चातेलाचा झटका व चलन फुगवट्याच्या वाढत्या दरामुळे.

2. दरिद्रय निर्मूलन, बेरोजगारी, आणि स्वावलंबन या क्षेत्रांमध्ये अपयश.

3. मात्र योजनेच्या शेवटी अर्थव्यवस्थेत मोठ्या वाढीच्या दराची अपेक्षा निर्माण झाली होती.   
  
4. 26 जुन 1975 - आणीबाणीची घोषणा

5. 1 जुलै 1905 - 20 कलमी कार्यक्रम.

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